Ethio-Djiboutian Relations: Towards African Economic Integration
Coming from the uprooted communities in the New World and Europe, the ideology of Pan-Africanism has been triumphant as a libratory force in freeing the people of Africa from the dungeons of European imperialism, colonialism, and neo-colonialism. Some posit that Pan-Africanism has succumbed as an integrative force in rejuvenating African countries through regional economic blocs aiming at regenerating the economic and political enterprise of the continent by replacing the colonial and neo-colonial methods.
In this regard, Professor Ali A. Mazuri asserts that Pan-Africanism as a revolt against white domination and damnation of the so-called hopeless continent succeeded by crushing the heels of exploiters with the independence of African nations along with the emancipation of black Diaspora in the New World. He goes on to say that Pan Africanism as an economic integrative force towards the unity of Africa has been kept at bay.
Although the said assertion seems appealing as African countries were vehemently concentrating on political considerations from the dawn of independence until the 1990s, many African countries have been thriving to combine their efforts to reach the apex of interdependence through regional economic communities so as to disengage themselves from dependency, suffering, indignity, hunger, instability, violence and other harrowing realities in every villages of Africa over the past decade. In the mean time, the leadership of Africa attaches special importance to economic considerations not to bend its knees to outsiders. This kind of move is now being reflected in the continent as many African countries are carrying a torch for a call for change-African Reawakening.
Meaningful progress has been made in harmonizing and integrating regional economic communities in the continent in various fields including trade liberalization and facilitation (the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)), free movements of people (the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)), infrastructure (the Inter Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the East African Community (EAC)), and peace and security (IGAD, ECOWAS and SADC).
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