A more extensive list of suggested further reading on Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa
There is an immense and continually growing literature on Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. We have listed here a number of the more interesting books for further reading on history and culture, travel, art and literature. We have not included articles, many of which are to be found in the publications of the triennial International Conferences of Ethiopian Studies (ICES): the most recent of these have been:
Marcus, H. G. (ed.), 1994 New Trends in Ethiopian Studies. Papers of the XII International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Michigan State University, 5–10 September 1994, 3 vols., Lawrenceville NJ.
Katsuyoshi Fukui, Eisei Kurimoto and Masayoshi Shigeta (eds.), 1997 Ethiopia in Broader Perspective. Papers of the XIIIth International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Kyoto, 12–17 December 1997, Kyoto.
Baye Yimam (ed.), Proceedings of the XIVth. International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa, 6– 11November 2000. Addis Ababa: Institute of Ethiopian Studies.
Uhlig, S. (ed.) 2006. Proceedings of the XVth. International Conference of Ethiopian Studies Hamburg July 20– 25, 2003. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
Ege, S., Harald Aspen, Birhanu Teferra and Shiferaw Bekele (eds). Proceedings of the XV1th. International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Trondheim, 2-7 July 2007. Proceedings can be accessed through http://portal.svt.ntnu.no/sites/ices16/default.aspx
The XVIIth. International Conference of Ethiopian Studies was held in November 2009 in Addis Ababa.
History and culture (general)
Asmerom Legesse 2006. Oromo Democracy: An Indigenous African Political System Trenton NJ: Red Sea Press.
Bahru Zewde, 1998 A Short History of Ethiopia and the Horn, Addis Ababa.
1991 A History of Modern Ethiopia, 1855-1974. Athens: Ohio University Press.
Beckwith, C., Fisher, A. and Hancock, G. 1990 African Ark: People and Ancient Cultures of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa. Harry N. Abrams.
Bender, M. Lionel (ed.). 1981 Peoples and Cultures of the Ethio-Sudan Borderlands. East Lansing: African Studies Center, Michigan State University.
Berhanou Abebe, 1998 Histoire de l'Ethiopie d'Axoum a la revolution, Paris: Maison-neuve et Larose.
Crummey, Donald, 2000 Land and Society in the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia: from the Thirteenth to the Twentieth Century, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dessalegn Rahmato. 1985 Agrarian Reform in Ethiopia. Trenton: Red Sea Press.
Doresse, Jean, 1971 Histoire Sommaire de la Corne Orientale de l'Afrique, Paris: Geuthner.
Henze, Paul, 2000 Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia, Hurst, London.
Iyob, Ruth. 1995.The Eritrean Struggle For Independence: Domination, Resistance, Nationalism, 1941-1993. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Leroy, Jules. 1973 L'Ethiopie – Archeologie et Culture, Bruges: Deschede Brouwer.
Levine, Donald N. 2000 Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Multi-Ethnic Society. 2nd. ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
1965 Wax and Gold: Tradition and Innovation in Ethiopian Culture. Chicago: University of
Lewis, I.M. 1955 Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar, and Saho. (Ethnographic Survey of Africa: North Eastern Africa, Pt. 1.) London: International African Institute.
Currency and Currency Regulations
Currency and Currency Regulations
The local currency is the Ethiopian birr, made up of 100 cents. Notes are issued in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50, and 100 birr. There are six different coins: 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 cents, and 1 birr.
The exchange rate as of 30th June 2014:
1 USD = 19.9733 ETB
1 GBP = 34.0445 ETB
1 Euro = 27.2756ETB
1 Renminbi – 0.0000ETB
There is no limit to the amount of foreign currency that can be imported into Ethiopia, but it must be declared on arrival, using a currency declaration form. Foreign currency may be changed only at authorized banks and hotels .The currency declaration form will be required by Customs on departure. Visitors may change back any excess birr into foreign currency at the air port before departure, but they are expected to produce receipts for all exchange transactions.
These can be used in some of the larger hotels in Addis Ababa, and major credit cards can be used for flights by Ethiopian Airlines. A number of banks and hotels have ATM machines available and Visa cards can be used at some banks. The US dollar is the best foreign currency to bring into Ethiopia and it can be exchanged at banks and foreign exchange bureaus.
Drivers require a valid International Driving License, which can be obtained by exchanging your own local license at the Transport and Communications office on Haile Gebreselassie Road in Addis Ababa. Visitors can recover their original driving licenses a day or so prior to departure. Those with their own vehicles require a permit from the Ministry of Transport and Communication. Driving is on the right hand side of the road.
Ethiopia uses a 220 Volt and 50 Hz. System. It is sensible to bring a round, two-prong adapter and transformer if necessary.
All visitors (including infants) are required to possess a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate if you have recently travelled to a country where it is present. Vaccination against cholera is also required for any person who has visited or been in transit through a cholera-infected area within six days prior to arrival to Ethiopia. Malaria is endemic in areas of Ethiopia below 2000 meters, and both chloroquine–resistant and falciparum strains are present.
Medical ServicesMedical facilities are available in all major towns but facilities are often over-taxed. Tourists and non-citizen residents should go to private hospitals and clinics. Contact your Embassy for referral to recommended doctors. Air rescue services are available.
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