1.1 General Policy
The relations we have with a given country or group of countries is based on the protection of national interests and security, and as such, is linked to our democratization and opment goals. Our relations with countries in the Horn, therefore, should be seen from the vantage point of how relations could help us promote our agenda of democracy and development. With our eyes firmly on fundamental national interests, we need to draft a policy on the basis of a sober analysis of the value and role of these countries vis a vis our own interests.
possibilities fully and as the region develops, opportunities will grow. But in the present day context, the role of investment, trade and development finance originating from our region, on our development is quite limited. As regards natural resources, disagreements of differing degrees might be expected to arise with the Sudan, Somalia and Kenya. However, the capacity of our neighbors to utilize water resources is low, and our assessments indicate that the basis for conflicts of interest is not sound. The Horn countries can neither be obstacles for our utilization of water resources nor can they assist us to do so. Ethiopia has had a history of both friendship and hostility with these countries in the Horn, and there is a risk of being guided by emotion in assessing the value of our neighbors.
There could be the tendency to exaggerate or minimize their influence of our neighbors in our effort to develop and democratize. It is important to be free of emotions in analyzing the situation.
Our neighbors have ports and we do not, and as we develop, the need for efficient service rendering ports will be important. Port service provision is to the mutual benefit of both the provider and the recipient of the service. In fact, if some of our neighbors were not to provide port services to Ethiopia, the damage to their economies would be substantial. Therefore, if seen from the economic and mutual benefit point of views; port services would be provided steadily and predictably, and that is the way it should be.
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