The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE):
The Federation is composed of Nine States (killil): Tigray, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Somali, Benishangul-Gumuz, Southern Nations Nationalities and People Region (SNNPR), Gambella and Harari Regional States; and two Chartered Cities - Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa. The national regional states and the two city administrative councils are further divided into eight hundred woredas (districts) and around 15,000 kebeles (neighborhoods, the lowest level of elected administration).
Ethiopia is a multi-party federal democracy with legislative authority resting with the government headed by an executive prime minister and the elected House of Representatives (547 members) and the House of Federation (110 members). The Prime Minister is chosen by the party in power following multi-party democratic national and federal state elections which are held every five years. Parties can be registered at either the national or the federal state level. The President is elected by the members of the House of People's Representatives.
President:Dr. Mulatu Teshome
Prime Minister:Hailemariam Desalegn
Speaker of the House of People's Representatives:Abadula Gemeda
Cabinet (October 2016):
Demeke Mekonnen, as well as Dr. Debretsion Gebremichael, Minister of Information Communication Technology and Aster Mamo, Minister of Civil Service, as Deputy Prime Ministers; the latter two are in charge of separate clusters.
Below is the list of the ministers:
Cabinet (November 2016):
- Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen
- Dr Workneh Gebeyehu – Minister of Foreign Affairs
- Siraj Fegessa – Minister of Defense
- Professor Yifru Berhane- Minister of Health
- Dr Debretsion Gebremichael –Minister of Communication and Information Technology
- Kassa Tekleberhan- Minister of Federal Affairs and Pastoral Area Development
- Dr Abreham Tekeste- Minister of Finance and Economic Cooperation
- Ahmed Shide- Minister of Transport
- Dr Shiferaw Tekelemariam – Minister of Education
- Dr Bekele Gulado- Minister of Trade
- Ahmed Abitew –Minister of Industry
- Dr Eyasu Abrha- Minister of Farming and Natural resources
- Professor Fekadu Beyene- Minister of Livestock and Fishery
- Tagese Chafo- Minister of Public Service and Human Resource Development
- Dr Ambachew Mekonnen- Minister of Urban Development and Housing
- Engineer Aisha Mohammed- Minister of Construction
- Motuma Mekassa- Minister of Mines Petroleum and Natural Resources
- Dr. Engineer Sileshi Bekele- Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity
- Dr Gemedo Dale- Minister of Environmental, Forest and Climate Change
- Dr Engineer Getahun Mekuria- Minister of Science and Technology
- Dr Girma Amente- Minister of Public Enterprise
- Abdulfetah Abdulah - Minister of Labor and Social Affairs
- Demitu Hambissa- Minister of Women's and Children's Affairs
- Ristu Yirdaw- Minister of Youth and Sports
- Dr Hirut Woldemariam- Minister of Culture and Tourism
- Getachew Ambaye- Attorney General
- Dr Negeri Lencho- Minister of Government Communication Affairs Office
- Kebede Chane- Minister of Ethiopian Revenues and Costumes Authority
- Dr Yinager Dese- Commissioner of National Planning Commission
- Asmelash Woldesilasie – Chief Government Whip
Addis Ababa, one of the two chartered cities in the Federation, is the seat of the Federal Government and is also the capital of the Oromia Regional State. It is the largest city in the country with a population of 2.7 million at the 2007 census (estimated at 3.2 million in 2011). It lies on the central plateau at an altitude of 2300-2400 meters, and with an average temperature of around 160C.
Currency and Currency Regulations
Currency and Currency Regulations
The local currency is the Ethiopian birr, made up of 100 cents. Notes are issued in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50, and 100 birr. There are six different coins: 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 cents, and 1 birr.
The exchange rate as of 30th June 2014:
1 USD = 19.9733 ETB
1 GBP = 34.0445 ETB
1 Euro = 27.2756ETB
1 Renminbi – 0.0000ETB
There is no limit to the amount of foreign currency that can be imported into Ethiopia, but it must be declared on arrival, using a currency declaration form. Foreign currency may be changed only at authorized banks and hotels .The currency declaration form will be required by Customs on departure. Visitors may change back any excess birr into foreign currency at the air port before departure, but they are expected to produce receipts for all exchange transactions.
These can be used in some of the larger hotels in Addis Ababa, and major credit cards can be used for flights by Ethiopian Airlines. A number of banks and hotels have ATM machines available and Visa cards can be used at some banks. The US dollar is the best foreign currency to bring into Ethiopia and it can be exchanged at banks and foreign exchange bureaus.
Drivers require a valid International Driving License, which can be obtained by exchanging your own local license at the Transport and Communications office on Haile Gebreselassie Road in Addis Ababa. Visitors can recover their original driving licenses a day or so prior to departure. Those with their own vehicles require a permit from the Ministry of Transport and Communication. Driving is on the right hand side of the road.
Ethiopia uses a 220 Volt and 50 Hz. System. It is sensible to bring a round, two-prong adapter and transformer if necessary.
All visitors (including infants) are required to possess a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate if you have recently travelled to a country where it is present. Vaccination against cholera is also required for any person who has visited or been in transit through a cholera-infected area within six days prior to arrival to Ethiopia. Malaria is endemic in areas of Ethiopia below 2000 meters, and both chloroquine–resistant and falciparum strains are present.
Medical ServicesMedical facilities are available in all major towns but facilities are often over-taxed. Tourists and non-citizen residents should go to private hospitals and clinics. Contact your Embassy for referral to recommended doctors. Air rescue services are available.
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